Essay on Overpopulation Causes, Effects and Solutions

By | December 27, 2017

Overpopulation is a global problem of today. It has reached an alarming extent and demands a quick remedy. Family planning is considered to be the most effective way to check this problem. Family planning helps to create a balance between the population and the resources of a country it means that the population should match the available resources. Any difference gives rise to the problem. On the whole family planning is useful for the happiness and welfare of the individual, the country, and the whole humanity at large.

“It is individuals that populate the world.”

It is the basic right of every human being to get certain basic necessities of life These include proper food, clothing, housing, medical treatment, education, and employment. The availability of these facilities results in peace and prosperity and moral and social welfare of the people. But any laps Creates. moral and Social Crisis.

The overpopulated country is the one that does not have enough basic material facilities to provide to its citizens. Most of the developing countries including Pakistan are the worst victims of overpopulation and need family planning.[the_ad id=”17141″]


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  • People are ignorant. They are not aware of the disastrous results of over-population so they overproduce children.
  • Many simple people quite wrongly believe that it is irreligious to produce fewer Children It is quite baseless.
  • Early marriages are common so these result in battalions of children.
  • There is no proper jong term economic planning. So the population increases but resources decrease.
  • Poor people do not have many pleasures in life. So they enjoy their married life. It increases the population.

Disastrous Effects

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  • Overpopulation increases the demand for more jobs but employment opportunities decrease. As a result, many people are left without jobs.
  • Second is dearness. According to an economic principle, supply decreases when the demand increases. overpopulation does this.
  • In an overpopulated country, people cannot get a sufficient amount of good food. The result is poor health and countless diseases.
  • Overpopulation leads to Crowded and Congested living. Houses are narrow, dark, and ill-ventilated. Streets are dirty. Drains stink and gutters overflow.
  • In an overpopulated country, people are unhappy.

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“No country can be overpopulated if there is a work for everyone.”


Family planning is the best measure to check overpopulation that causes countless social evils. The following measures can help in effective family planning

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  • Proper Spacing: With proper spacing between the birth of the children population can control over-population.
  • Limiting the Number: Number of children should be according to income and resources.
  • Increase in Resources: It is necessary to increase mineral, agricultural and industrial resources of a country.
  • The sense of Responsibility: Everyone must realize his role in national prosperity.
  • Role of Govt: The Govt should propagate through media to make people aware of the horrors of over-population.

In the end, we can say that overpopulation is a curse and a permanent threat for the development of the country if we need to keep pace with other nations of the world we should stop the flood of the population. In this regard, only proper family planning can help in creating balance in society and it is the only way to create a happy world.

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